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Am J Physiol. 1994 Sep;267(3 Pt 1):G401-8.

Cholecystokinin rapidly activates mitogen-activated protein kinase in rat pancreatic acini.

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Department of Physiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109-0622.


The existence and activation of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase in isolated pancreatic acini have been demonstrated. Immunoblotting and immunoprecipitation revealed two forms of MAP kinase in pancreatic acini, with relative molecular masses of approximately 42 and 44 kDa. Both forms of MAP kinase were activated by cholecystokinin (CCK). The threshold concentration of CCK was approximately 3 pM, and the maximal effect occurred at 1 nM, which enhanced MAP kinase activity by 2.5-fold, as determined in polyacrylamide gel copolymerized with substrate myelin basic protein. Activation of MAP kinase by CCK was rapid, reaching a maximum within 5-10 min that subsequently declined. Bombesin and carbachol but not secretin or vasoactive intestinal peptide also activated MAP kinase. CCK-induced activation of MAP kinase may be mediated by protein kinase C, since 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) mimicked the effect of CCK and staurosporine concentration dependently inhibited the action of CCK. Treatment of acini with thapsigargin, ionomycin, or ethylene glycol-bis(beta-aminoethyl ether)-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid did not influence MAP kinase, indicating that mobilization of intracellular calcium by CCK is not important in activation of acinar MAP kinase. CCK and TPA increased tyrosine phosphorylation of both 42- and 44-kDa forms. Genistein and tyrphostin 23, the inhibitors of tyrosine kinase, suppressed the activation of MAP kinase by CCK. In conclusion, MAP kinase in pancreatic acini is activated by agonists related to hydrolysis of phosphoinositide, via a mechanism involving protein kinase C and tyrosine kinase.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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