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Am J Gastroenterol. 1994 Oct;89(10):1811-4.

Characteristics of patients with bleeding peptic ulcer requiring emergency endoscopy and aggressive treatment.

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Department of Medicine, Veterans General Hospital-Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.



Patients with an ulcer and active bleeding or a nonbleeding, visible vessel are high-risk for further bleeding and should receive aggressive therapy. In this study, we tried to identify clinical parameters that predict these high-risk groups.


Over a 7-month period, 16 clinical parameters were analyzed prospectively in 316 patients with bleeding peptic ulcer. A multivariate analysis was used to find the independent predictors for the high-risk patients.


A total of 114 patients (36%) was found to have a spurting hemorrhage (eight patients), oozing hemorrhage (27 patients), or a nonbleeding visible vessel (79 patients). Using an univariate analysis, a statistically significant predictor was the appearance of coffee ground fluid or blood from the nasogastric tube. This predictor also emerged as an independent factor (odds ratio, 0.4333; 95% confidence interval, 0.263-0.714).


Patients with bleeding peptic ulcer who have coffee ground fluid or blood from the nasogastric tube should receive an emergency endoscopy and aggressive treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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