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Vet Microbiol. 1994 Jun;40(3-4):293-303.

Distribution and hybridization patterns of the insertion element IS900 in clinical isolates of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis.

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National Veterinary Institute, Oslo, Norway.


Reference strains and 31 clinical isolates of M. paratuberculosis, mainly from goats, were analysed for restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Restriction digests of bacterial DNA were hybridized with a repetitive insertion sequence, IS900, to obtain banding patterns for comparison of strains. Twenty-five of the 31 field-strains hybridized with IS900, and five hybridization patterns were identified. It was not possible to identify specific patterns for goat strains of M. paratuberculosis. Four hybridization patterns were similar, whereas the fifth pattern of a sheep strain diverged considerably in position and number of bands. Six goat strains failed to hybridize with IS900, and the absence of IS900 was verified by the polymerase chain reaction and hybridization with an oligonucleotide probe. The six IS900-negative goat strains had diverging phenotypic properties, and the identification of these strains is discussed. The present study shows that M. paratuberculosis strains infecting goats are genetically similar to cattle strains and that IS900 is a specific genetic element for identification of M. paratuberculosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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