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Urologe A. 1994 Jul;33(4):320-4.

[Focal necrotising vasculitis of the testis. Testicular manifestations of immunologic diseases in differential diagnosis of testicular cancer].

[Article in German]

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Klinik für Urologie, Philipps-Universität Marburg.


We report on the case of a 31-year-old male patient with focal testicular vasculitis as the only clinical manifestation of endangiitis obliterans (Winiwarter-Buerger disease), who presented with acute scrotal pain and swelling suggestive of a testicular tumor. Doppler sonography revealed significantly increased vascularization at the borders of the lesion, which rather indicated a vascular process; however, the presence of solid areas meant that the possibility of testicular cancer could not be excluded. Left inguinal orchiectomy was performed. The surgical specimen revealed histological patterns compatible with endangiitis obliterans; Raynaud phenomenon was the only sign of systemic disease, and no other organs were found to be affected. Despite the high sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound/Doppler sonography, in the differential diagnosis of an unexplained testicular mass surgical exploration is still mandatory. The different types of focal vasculitis are described and discussed with reference to the literature.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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