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Scand J Gastroenterol. 1994 Jul;29(7):583-90.

Role of cholecystokinin in the control of gastric emptying and secretory response to a fatty meal in normal subjects and duodenal ulcer patients.

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Dept. of Medicine, University of M√ľnster, Germany.



Exogenous cholecystokinin (CCK) is known to affect gastric motor and secretory activities, but its physiologic role in the control of gastric functions is unknown.


In this study involving 10 young healthy subjects and 10 duodenal ulcer (DU) patients, 500 ml of a standard meal without or with addition of 15% soybean oil was given, and the gastric emptying rate and the pH profile and plasma levels of gastrin, CCK, pancreatic polypeptide (PP), and somatostatin were determined in separate tests with placebo or with antagonism of type-A CCK receptors (loxiglumide, 1200 mg orally).


In healthy controls and DU patients the emptying half-time was 44 and 34 min, respectively, and the addition of oil prolonged the emptying by about 50%. Pretreatment with loxiglumide significantly reduced fat-induced retardation of gastric emptying in both healthy controls and DU patients. A standard meal in healthy subjects resulted in an immediate rise in median gastric pH to about 6.0, and this was followed by gradual decrease within about 3 h to premeal values of about 2.0. After the meal, plasma gastrin rose by 57%, CCK by 177%, PP by 100%, and somatostatin by 39%. Addition of fat significantly attenuated and prolonged the pH decrease after the meal while reducing the increment in plasma gastrin and enhancing plasma CCK and PP levels. Loxiglumide significantly reduced the median postprandial pH (from control 4.8 to 2.5) and reversed the changes in the pH profile caused by the addition of fat. The increments in plasma gastrin and CCK were markedly augmented, whereas those of somatostatin and PP were significantly attenuated. DU patients showed lower postprandial pH (3.0) in tests with or without fat and higher increments in plasma gastrin. CCK antagonism failed to affect significantly the pH profile or the increments in plasma gastrin in DU patients.


These results indicate that endogenous CCK released by a fatty meal delays gastric emptying and inhibits gastric acid and plasma gastrin responses in healthy subjects, but in DU patients the inhibitory effect of CCK is less pronounced, suggesting a defect in the action of this hormone on gastrin release and gastric acid secretion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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