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Pancreas. 1994 Jul;9(4):531-5.

Neural modulation of glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) and insulin secretion in conscious dogs.

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1
Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Canada.

Abstract

Glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) is a potent incretin, but it remains unclear whether this effect is dependent upon intact vagal pathways. In four conscious dogs, plasma GIP, plasma insulin, and plasma glucose responses were measured after intraduodenal administration of a defined formula diet, after glucose was perfused intraduodenally, and after insulin-mediated hypoglycemia with and without bilateral cryogenic blockade of the cervical vagus nerves. Vagal blockade did not alter elevations of plasma GIP after the defined formula diet or after glucose. However, with the vagi blocked plasma insulin responses were suppressed after the enteral diet (-52 +/- 8%) and after intraduodenal glucose (-55 +/- 4%), without changes in plasma glucose. Intravenous atropine (50 micrograms/kg) did not modify the GIP responses to intraduodenal perfusions of the defined formula diet or to glucose, but did suppress plasma insulin responses to baseline values. Insulin hypoglycemia without or with vagal blockade had no effect on basal concentrations of plasma GIP. These results indicate that vagal muscarinic and nonvagal muscarinic pathways participate in the control of the intestinal phase of insulin secretion, but the regulation of GIP secretion is independent of vagal or muscarinic neural control mechanisms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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