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Pharm Res. 1994 Jul;11(7):1016-22.

Polystyrene-poly (ethylene glycol) (PS-PEG2000) particles as model systems for site specific drug delivery. 2. The effect of PEG surface density on the in vitro cell interaction and in vivo biodistribution.

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Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nottingham, University Park, U.K.


The effect of differing densities of poly (ethylene glycol-2000) (PEG2000) at the particle surface of polystyrene-poly (ethylene glycol-2000) (PS-PEG2000) particles was assessed in terms of hydrophobic interaction chromatography (HIC) and the in vitro and in vivo behaviour of the particles. The particles, with different surface densities of PEG, were prepared by varying the copolymerizing reaction of styrene with a PEG macromonomer. There is a clear relationship between the surface density of PEG as determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and surface hydrophobicity as assessed by hydrophobic interaction chromatography (HIC). Similarly, the interaction of the particles with non-parenchymal liver cells in in vitro studies was shown to decrease as the surface density of PEG increases. The in vivo study investigating the biodistribution of the PS-PEG particles after intravenous injection into rats reveals that a relationship exists between the surface density of PEG and the extent to which the particles remain in the circulation, avoiding recognition by the reticuloendothelial system. Particles with the higher surface densities show increased circulatory times which compared well with data for particles prepared with the surface adsorbed PEO-PPO block copolymer, Poloxamine 908.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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