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Oral Microbiol Immunol. 1994 Jun;9(3):166-73.

Stress response of Porphyromonas gingivalis.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.


The heat shock response of Porphyromonas gingivalis was examined by 1- and 2-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis after metabolic labeling with [14C]-amino acids. When P. gingivalis cells were shifted from 37 degrees C to 42 degrees C, elevated synthesis of 4 proteins with the apparent molecular weight of 92, 80, 74, and 62 kDa was observed, and synthesis of a 50-kDa protein decreased during heat shock. The 74- and 62-kDa proteins were identified as homologs of Escherichia coli DnaK and GroEL respectively by Western immunoblotting. On 2-dimensional Western blots, 2 forms of DnaK and 4 forms of GroEL were identified due to their slightly different isolelectric points. dnaK and groEL gene homologs were identified in several P. gingivalis strains and some other black-pigmented oral species. DnaK and GroEL homolog proteins were induced when P. gingivalis cells were challenged by ethanol. These proteins were not induced by oxidative stress or change in pH.

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