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Neuropharmacology. 1994 Jun;33(6):789-93.

Effects of the polyamine spermidine on NMDA-induced arterial hypertension in freely moving rats.

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Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, II University of Naples, Italy.


We investigated the effect of the polyamine spermidine (SPD) (0.01-1 microgram/rat) on hypertension induced by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) (0.1 microgram/rat) microinjected into the latero-caudal periaqueductal gray (PAG) area of freely moving rats. Pretreatment with a low dose of SPD (0.01 microgram/rat) significantly increased NMDA-induced hypertension. On the contrary, higher doses of SPD (0.1 and 1 microgram/rat) significantly decreased NMDA-induced cardiovascular changes. SPD alone did not modify arterial blood pressure. Arcaine (1 microgram/rat), a putative antagonist at the polyamine recognition site on NMDA receptors, when microinjected into the PAG area, prevented the negative but not the positive modulatory effects of SPD on the NMDA-induced cardiovascular changes. Pretreatment with SPD did not affect cardiovascular effects induced by quisqualic acid (QUIS), a non-NMDA receptor agonist. These data, in agreement with the in vitro results, suggest that at the level of the PAG area, the polyamines also show multiple actions at NMDA receptors in vivo.

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