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Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1994 Apr;64(2):253-60.

Entamoeba histolytica has an alcohol dehydrogenase homologous to the multifunctional adhE gene product of Escherichia coli.

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Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110.


Entamoeba histolytica ferments glucose to ethanol under the anaerobic conditions of the human colon. There is special interest in this metabolic pathway because it provides an opportunity for parasite-specific chemotherapy. Peptide sequences from a 97-kDa E. histolytica protein, which was originally isolated because of extracellular matrix binding properties, were used to clone and sequence a gene that was found to encode an E. histolytica alcohol dehydrogenase and acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (EhADH2). The EhADH2 cDNA clone had an open reading frame encoding 870 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 95,758. The EhADH2 cDNA clone was identical in 48% of its amino acids to the multifunctional enzyme (alcohol dehydrogenase, acetyl-CoA reductase, and pyruvate-formate-lyase-deactivase) encoded by the Escherichia coli adhE gene. The isolation of the EhADH2 protein helps define a new family of ADH enzymes that may be specific to anaerobic and facultatively anaerobic organisms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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