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Life Sci. 1994;55(17):1311-6.

Acetaldehyde regulates the gene expression of matrix-metalloproteinase-1 and -2 in human fat-storing cells.

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Department of Clinical Pathophysiology, University of Florence, Italy.


Altered degradation of extracellular matrix has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis. We studied the effect of acetaldehyde (AcCHO) on gene expression of matrix-metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 (fibroblast type- interstitial collagenase) and MMP-2 (72 kDa gelatinase-type IV collagenase) in comparison with the AcCHO effect on collagen type I and IV synthesis in cultures of fat-storing cells (FSC) isolated from normal human livers. Cultured human FSC expressed single mRNA transcripts (2.7 and 3.2 kb) specific for MMP-1 and MMP-2, respectively. AcCHO inhibited MMP-1 mRNA levels, whereas it stimulated collagen type I mRNA and protein expression. Opposite AcCHO effects were evident on MMP-2 mRNA and collagen IV synthesis, being MMP-2 up-regulated and collagen IV down-regulated. These data suggest that regulation of MMP-1 and MMP-2 genes by AcCHO may contribute to disruption of the normal basement membrane and its replacement with fibrillar collagens in the early stages of alcoholic liver fibrosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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