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J Membr Biol. 1994 Jun;140(3):215-23.

Membrane topology of insulin receptors reconstituted into lipid vesicles.

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1
Department of Medical Anatomy, Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

Insulin receptors were incorporated into liposomes by two different procedures, one using dialysis and one using detergent removal by Bio-Beads. Receptor incorporation was analyzed by gradient centrifugation and electron microscopy. Reconstituted receptors projected up to 12 nm above the membrane and exhibited a T-shaped structure compatible with that previously described for the solubilized receptor. Insulin binding and autophosphorylation experiments indicated that approx. 50% of the receptors were incorporated right-side out. Such random orientation was confirmed by immunogold labeling of the alpha- and the beta-subunit of the receptor. Immunogold labeling of the C-terminus of the beta-subunit indicates that it resides about 6 nm off the membrane, while two alpha-subunit epitopes were labeled at about twice this distance, confirming that the alpha-subunit is harbored in the cross-bar of the T-structure.

PMID:
7932656
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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