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J Orthop Res. 1994 Sep;12(5):628-36.

Effect of sterilization on bone morphogenetic protein.

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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University, Japan.


Demineralized bone matrix and bone morphogenetic protein have been used clinically to accelerate bone regeneration. However, the best method of sterilization has been the subject of controversy. Some investigators have used ethylene oxide, but others have reported that doses adequate for sterilization destroyed the osteoinductivity of demineralized bone matrix and that gamma irradiation was less harmful in this respect. We used partially purified bone morphogenetic protein and type-I collagen to investigate the effects of sterilization by ethylene oxide and gamma irradiation on the activity of bone morphogenetic protein. Osteoinductivity was reduced considerably after sterilization by gamma irradiation at 2.5 Mrad and by ethylene oxide at 37 degrees C for 4 hours and at 55 degrees C for 1 hour; however, the reduction induced by ethylene oxide at 29 degrees C for 5 hours was about half of the control values. This study showed that ethylene oxide at 29 degrees C for 5 hours can be used clinically for sterilization of bone morphogenetic protein. We also investigated the effect of gamma irradiation on bone morphogenetic protein and the collagen carrier separately and found that collagen was far more labile than bone morphogenetic protein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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