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J Neurosurg. 1994 Nov;81(5):726-33.

Influence of major depression on 1-year outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury.

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Department of Psychiatry, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City.


The authors examine those factors that contributed to deterioration in social functioning, activities of daily living, or intellectual functioning during a 1-year period after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Fifty-two patients suffering an acute TBI were evaluated for existence and severity of mood disorders and impairment during their hospital stays and at 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up examinations. Patients whose scores on intellectual function, social function, or daily activities deteriorated during the 1-year period after trauma were considered to have a poor outcome. Eleven of 52 patients had a poor outcome in social function, which was associated with race, right-hemisphere lesions, intellectual impairment, and prolonged major depression. Seven of 52 patients had a poor outcome in daily activities, which was associated with a major depression of more than 6 months' duration and severity of Hamilton Depression Rating Scale scores. Eleven of these patients had a poor outcome in cognitive function, which was associated with cognitive impairment immediately after TBI. A major depression lasting more than 6 months was associated with deterioration of social functioning and activities of daily living during the 1-year period after TBI.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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