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J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 1994;120(10):605-9.

Combined effects of estradiol, leuprorelin, tamoxifen and medroxyprogesterone acetate on cell growth and steroid hormone receptors in breast cancer cells.

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Istituto di Istologia ed Embriologia, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Roma, Italy.


Both tamoxifen and medroxyprogesterone acetate have a direct antitumor effect and are widely used in breast cancer therapy. Luteinizing-hormone-releasing hormone analogs inhibit the growth of breast cancer cells and could represent an alternative treatment for patients affected by breast cancer. Our study was carried out to investigate the effect of leuprorelin (TAP-144) alone or combined with tamoxifen or medroxyprogesterone acetate in human breast cancer cells. Ineffective when used in the absence of estrogens, TAP-144 inhibited the estrogen-stimulated growth of MCF-7, CG-5 and ZR-75-1 cells cultured in medium supplemented with charcoal-treated serum. The growth of estrogen-unresponsive MDA-MB-231 cells was not affected by TAP-144. The combination of TAP-144 with tamoxifen in CG-5 cells did not determine any enhancement of inhibition of cell growth, whereas in both CG-5 and MCF-7 cells, when 1 microM TAP-144 was associated with 0.1 microM medroxyprogesterone acetate, cell growth inhibition was increased, resulting in a subadditive effect. Progesterone receptor levels of CG-5 cells were significantly increased by TAP-144 in the presence of 17 beta-estradiol with respect to those present in control and 17 beta-estradiol-treated cells.

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