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J Biol Chem. 1994 Sep 30;269(39):24020-6.

Evi-1 raises AP-1 activity and stimulates c-fos promoter transactivation with dependence on the second zinc finger domain.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Biology, Jichi Medical School, Tochigi, Japan.


Evi-1 is a gene, encoding a zinc finger protein, associated with a common viral integration site in murine leukemias. It is suggested that Evi-1 plays important roles in embryogenesis and transformation of myeloid cells. To elucidate mechanisms by which Evi-1 induces such biological effects, we analyzed the relationship between Evi-1 and AP-1 which could regulate cellular proliferation and differentiation. When Evi-1 was expressed, transactivation through a 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate-responsive element was observed in NIH3T3 and P19 cells. Evi-1-transfected P19 cells showed some differentiated phenotypes and increased expression of endogenous c-Jun and c-Fos. These results indicate that Evi-1 raises AP-1 activity. Evi-1 caused stimulation of the c-fos promoter transactivation, which seems to be a main mechanism of AP-1 activation, through at least two portions of the promoter. Evi-1 has the first zinc finger domain at the N terminus and the second zinc finger domain near the C-terminus. We constructed deletion mutants of Evi-1 and investigated the functions of these domains. It was shown that the second zinc finger domain is essential for the activation of AP-1 and transactivation of the c-fos promoter.

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