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J Asthma. 1994;31(5):347-59.

Effectiveness of a multidisciplinary education protocol in children with asthma (0-4 years) in primary health care.

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1
Department of Health Education, University of Limburg, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

This paper describes the results of an asthma self-management protocol delivered to parents of children aged 0-4 years. The protocol was delivered by general practitioners (GPs), community nurses, asthma nurses, and doctors to child health centers. It consisted of 16 educational modules developed after an initial needs assessment of parents and a task analysis of primary care practitioners. The program was evaluated by means of an experimental design. Parents participating in the program had significantly more knowledge, a more favorable attitude toward asthma, and a higher self-efficacy score with respect to performing asthma self-management behaviors. Also, they reported performing self-management behaviors more frequently than parents in the control group. One-year follow-up results, which were collected for parents in the treatment group only, showed that the described changes were sustained. Further, the treatment group was found to have decreased its emergency and nonemergency use of the physician's office and to have a reduction in (reported) asthma severity. Process evaluation indicated that most modules were provided by the GPs to nearly all parents. After parents had read the modules at home, almost all the information was discussed in the next contact. GPs seldom referred patients to the community nurses, although this was suggested in the protocol.

PMID:
7928930
DOI:
10.3109/02770909409061314
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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