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J Antimicrob Chemother. 1994 Jun;33(6):1147-54.

Antibacterial activity of PD 131628 and proposed disc diffusion susceptibility test criteria.

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St. Vincent Hospital & Medical Center, Portland, OR 97225.


The antibacterial activity of PD 131628 was compared with that of ciprofloxacin against 401 clinical isolates. The two drugs had comparable MICs for most Gram-negative species. PD 131628 was two to eight times more active against Gram-positive species and against Xanthomonas maltophilia. Both drugs were bactericidal, Among Gram-positive isolates, resistant mutants were not detected in vitro. Among Gram-negative bacilli, spontaneously occurring mutants resistant to PD 131628 were readily demonstrated more frequently than for ciprofloxacin. Resistance to PD 131628 was more readily induced by serially transferring the Gram-negative species, and resistant organisms emerged more rapidly on prolonged incubation in time-kill studies. Correlating the PD 131628 5 micrograms disc diffusion zone diameters with PD 131628 MICs, the following breakpoints are tentatively proposed: susceptible, MIC < or = 1 mg/L or zone > or = 19 mm; intermediate, MIC 2.0 mg/L or zones 16-18 mm; and resistant, MIC > or = 4.0 mg/L or zones < or = 15 mm.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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