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Hepatology. 1994 Nov;20(5):1131-6.

Superinfection of chimpanzees carrying hepatitis C virus of genotype II/1b with that of genotype III/2a or I/1a.

Author information

1
Immunology Division, Jichi Medical School, Tochigi-Ken, Japan.

Abstract

Three chimpanzees persistently infected with hepatitis C virus of genotype II/1b were challenged with hepatitis C virus of genotype III/2a and 6 wk later with hepatitis C virus of genotype I/1a. They were tested for titers of total and genotype-specific hepatitis C virus RNA, as well as for serum transaminase levels, until 52 wk after the first challenge. One chimpanzee (CH489) with intermittent low hepatitis C virus RNA titers of genotype II/1b in serum was superinfected with hepatitis C virus of genotype III/2a between wk 1 and 7 after the challenge; superinfection was accompanied by fluctuating high transaminase levels. Later, the animal was superinfected with hepatitis C virus of genotype I/1a. Superinfection was accompanied by persistently high transaminase levels immediately after the challenge. Hepatitis C virus of genotype I/1a persisted, whereas hepatitis C virus of genotype II/1b was undetectable 22 wk after the challenge and thereafter. In another chimpanzee (CH353) with intermittent low hepatitis C virus RNA titers of genotype II/1b, hepatitis C virus of genotype III/2a induced fluctuating high levels of serum transaminases without revealing itself in serum. Then, HCV of genotype I/1a superinfected her, induced persistently high transaminase levels and took over HCV of genotype II/1b at 22 wk after the challenge and thereafter. The third chimpanzee (CH451) with persistently high HCV RNA titers of genotype II/1b did not reveal HCV RNA of genotype III/2a in serum after the challenge, although transaminases sharply increased. Low-titered HCV RNA of genotype I/1a was detected at 18 wk after the challenge.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
7927243
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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