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Genes Dev. 1994 Apr 15;8(8):885-98.

pct1+, which encodes a new DNA-binding partner of p85cdc10, is required for meiosis in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe.

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Laboratory of Gene Regulation, Imperial Cancer Research Fund, London, UK.


The transcriptional activation of genes at late G1 is an important regulatory step in the commitment to a new cell division cycle. In Schizosaccharomyces pombe, this regulation is mediated by MCB elements that serve as binding sites for the MBF/DSC-1 complex. The cdc10(+)-encoded protein is a component of this complex. We report the cloning of a new gene, pct1+, encoding a 73-kD protein that interacts with p85cdc10 to form an MCB-binding heteromer. Pct1+ is related to, but distinct from, the res1+/sct1+ gene that also encodes a p85cdc10 partner. p73pct1 has centrally located ankyrin repeats and a putative amino-terminal DNA-binding domain that has extensive sequence similarity to the DNA-binding domains of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae SWI4 and MBP1 proteins. The p73pct1/p85cdc10 complex binds both in vitro and in vivo to MCB but not SCB or E2F sites. Overexpression of pct1+ is sufficient to rescue the growth of the cdc10-129 temperature-sensitive mutant at the restrictive temperature, although it is unable to rescue a cdc10 null mutation. A deletion of pct1+ is not lethal but does result in a severe meiotic defect. Our results indicate that there are two cdc10-containing heteromeric complexes that bind to MCB elements and play differential roles in mitotic division and meiosis.

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