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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1994 Sep 1;121(3):275-9.

Influence of iron on microcin 25 production.

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Departamento de Bioquímica de la Nutrición, Instituto Superior de Investigaciones Biológicas (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas-UNT), San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina.


The effect of the iron content of the medium on the yield of the peptide antibiotic microcin 25 was examined; synthesis was optimal in minimal media and was reduced by adding iron. Escherichia coli AY25, the wild-type producer of the antibiotic, showed a 95% decrease in microcin yield when grown in minimal medium containing 10 microM iron (high iron) as compared to 0.2 microM (low iron). Addition of chelators to Luria broth elicited microcin production, and there was a complete reversal of the effect of the chelators by adding iron. Studies with Escherichia coli mutants deficient in iron-regulated proteins (fur) suggested that factors other than Fur could mediate iron regulation of microcin synthesis.

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