Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Exp Brain Res. 1994;99(2):267-76.

Quantitative analysis of GABA-like-immunoreactive and parvalbumin-containing neurons in the CA1 region of the rat hippocampus using a stereological method, the disector.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Abstract

The numerical density of neurons in the CA1 region of the rat dorsal hippocampus has been estimated by a stereological method, the disector, using pairs of video images of toluidine blue-stained, plastic-embedded, 0.5-microns-thick sections, 3 microns distant from each other. The chemical properties of those disector-counted cells were further analyzed by postembedding immunocytochemical methods on adjacent, semithin sections using antibodies against gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and a specific calcium-binding protein, parvalbumin (PV). The density of neurons in the CA1 region was 35.2 x 10(3)/mm3; numerical densities in the stratum oriens (SO), stratum pyramidale (SP), and strata radiatum-lacunosum-moleculare (SRLM) were 11.3 x 10(3)/mm3, 272.4 x 10(3)/mm3, and 1.9 x 10(3)/mm3, respectively. The numerical densities of GABA-like immunoreactive (GABA-LIR) and PV-immunoreactive (PV-IR) neurons were 2.1 x 10(3)/mm3 and 1.1 x 10(3)/mm3, respectively, which were 5.8% and 3.2% of all neurons, respectively. In the CA1 region only about 60% of PV-positive neurons were GABA-LIR. However, taking the previous observation into consideration that almost all hippocampal PV-positive neurons were immunoreactive for the GABA-synthesizing enzyme glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), neurons that were immunoreactive to either GABA or PV or both (GABA+ and/or PV+ neurons) were regarded as a better representative of GABAergic neurons in this region; thus, the numerical density of these GABA+ and/or PV+ neurons was 2.5 x 10(3)/mm3 and they were 7.0% of all neurons in the CA1 region. Lamellar analysis showed that the numerical densities of GABA+ and/or PV+, GABA-LIR, and PV-IR neurons were highest in the SP, where they were 8.2 x 10(3)/mm3, 6.2 x 10(3)/mm3, and 5.4 x 10(3)/mm3, respectively. The results of the present study indicate that the proportions of GABAergic neurons and a subpopulation of them, PV-containing GABAergic neurons, to other presumable non-GABAergic neurons are far smaller in the CA1 region of the hippocampus than in several neocortical regions previously reported.

PMID:
7925807
DOI:
10.1007/bf00239593
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center