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Eur J Cell Biol. 1993 Dec;62(2):237-47.

Functional analysis of phosphorylation sites in human lamin A controlling lamin disassembly, nuclear transport and assembly.

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Genetisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universit├Ąt, Giessen, Germany.


We have constructed point mutations in human lamin A cDNA at conserved serine and threonine residues, some of which were shown to be phosphorylated in vitro by cdc2-kinase and protein kinase C and in vivo. Using a functional in vivo assay system, we identified three categories of mutant phenotypes. (i) Dominant negative phenotypes in mitosis result from mutation of Thr-19 and Ser-22 within the amino-terminal cdc2-kinase motif of lamin A. An increase of aberrant mitotic phenotypes in the double mutants Thr-19/Ser-392 and Ser-22/Ser-392 suggests that concomitant phosphorylation of the three residues regulates mitotic lamin A disassembly. (ii) Mutation of both Ser-403/Ser-404 within a PKC motif flanking the nuclear localization signal inhibits transport of mutant lamin A to the nucleus in 64% of the cells. It is proposed that phosphorylation of the motif in vivo positively regulates nuclear localization together with the nuclear localization sequence. (iii) The assembly of lamin A into the perinuclear lamina is disturbed by mutation of the carboxy-terminal Ser-525, previously shown to be interphase-specifically phosphorylated (Eggert et al., Eur. J. Biochem. 213, 659-671 (1993)). The phenotype shows discontinuous and patch-like aggregates of the mutant protein in the nucleus. We suggest that phosphorylation of the site either regulates lamina assembly or lamina-chromatin interaction in interphase.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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