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Baillieres Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 1994 Jun;8(2):333-51.

Acute renal failure in pregnancy.

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Clinique Nephrologique, Hôpital Necker, Paris, France.


Acute renal failure (ARF) has become a very rare complication of pregnancy. This results from the virtual disappearance of septic abortion ARF and from the improvement of prenatal care, including the prevention of volume contraction which is mainly due to uterine haemorrhage, early diagnosis, and treatment of other classic maternal complications such as pre-eclampsia and acute pyelonephritis. The incidence of bilateral renal cortical necrosis has also been declining during the last decade. Acute fatty liver, a potentially fatal disease, is often complicated by ARF. Early recognition of this disorder, with prompt termination of pregnancy and intensive supportive therapy, can reduce fetal and maternal mortality rate. The syndrome of idiopathic postpartum renal failure is also associated with a high morbidity and mortality. Beyond supportive treatment, including haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis and the use of potent antihypertensive drugs to control blood pressure and blood transfusion if necessary, specific therapy as plasma infusion, plasma exchange and antiplatelet drugs may be of value. Both peritoneal dialysis and haemodialysis may be used in gravidas with ARF. Early 'prophylactic' dialysis should be applied to pregnant women. Careful monitoring of fluid balance and anticoagulation is necessary during dialysis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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