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Clin Exp Immunol. 1994 Oct;98(1):40-5.

HLA associations with inclusion body myositis.

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1
Australian Neuromuscular Research Institute, Queen Elizabeth II Medical Centre, Nedlands.

Abstract

Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is defined clinically by a characteristic pattern of progressive proximal and distal limb muscle weakness and resistance to steroid therapy, and histologically by the presence of distinctive rimmed vacuoles and filamentous inclusions as well as a mononuclear infiltrate in which CD8+ T cells are predominant. Muscle damage is believed to be mediated by autoimmune mechanisms, but very little information is available on the immunogenic features of IBM. MHC class I and DR antigens were typed on 13 caucasoid patients with IBM using standard serological techniques or by allele-specific oligonucleotide typing. Complement components C4 and properdin factor B (Bf) were typed by immunofixation after electrophoresis. Restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP) in the class III region were analysed using cDNA probes for C4 and 21-hydroxylase (CYP21) after Taq 1 digestion. IBM was associated with DR3 (92%), DR52 (100%) and HLA B8 (75%). The phenotype data were examined for likely haplotypes by considering together the alleles at the class I, DR and complement loci along with the C4 and CYP21 RFLP. Ten of the DR3+ subjects had a 6.4-kb C4-hybridizing fragment characteristic of a deletion of C4A and CYP21-A. These patients probably carried all, or at least the class II and III regions, of the extended haplotype marked by B8/C4A*Q0/C4B1/BfS/DR3/DR52, which has been associated with several autoimmune diseases and is present in 11% of the healthy caucasoid population. Of the remaining subjects, two had evidence of the extended haplotype marked by B18/C4A3/C4BW*0/BfF1/DR3, which is present in less than 5% of the healthy population and has been associated with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. These data provide support for an autoimmune etiology for, and genetic predisposition to, IBM.

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