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Clin Chem. 1994 Oct;40(10):1879-83.

Tiglylglycine excreted in urine in disorders of isoleucine metabolism and the respiratory chain measured by stable isotope dilution GC-MS.

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Department of Pathology, Children's Medical Center of Dallas, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center 75235.


Tiglyglycine (TG), an intermediate product of the catabolism of isoleucine, is increased in the urine of patients with beta-ketothiolase deficiency or with disorders of propionate metabolism. It is also implicated as a useful diagnostic marker in disorders of the respiratory chain. We present a method for the synthesis of TG and tiglyl[13C, 15N]glycine and the development of a stable isotope dilution mass spectrometric assay for TG. We compare data from controls with that from subjects with beta-ketothiolase deficiency and propionyl-CoA carboxylase deficiency, and with six patients with enzyme-confirmed disorders of the respiratory chain. TG was increased in the urine from all of the patient groups. The increased TG excretion did not persist in one patient with a respiratory chain defect, which suggests that, in some patients, multiple sample analysis may be necessary to identify a respiratory chain defect. This is the first urinary compound to be implicated as a potential marker of disorders of the respiratory chain.

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