Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Carcinogenesis. 1994 Sep;15(9):2017-21.

Ethanol potentiates the clastogenicity of pan masala--an in vitro experience.

Author information

  • 1Cell Biology Division, Gujarat Cancer Society, Ahmedabad, India.


The significance of the interaction between alcohol and tobacco in causing head and neck cancers is well documented. Our previous reports on in vitro studies using aqueous and organic extracts as well as cytogenetic studies among pan masala consumers have conclusively shown the genotoxic potential of pan masala--a dry mixture of the areca nut, lime, catechu, unspecified flavouring agents, etc., often containing tobacco in it and is widely consumed in India. Now in the present report, the clastogenic effect of ethanol and pan masala in different combinations was evaluated on Chinese hamster ovary cells utilizing chromosome aberration (CA) frequency as an endpoint. An ethanol concentration of up to 2.0% had no effect on CA/cell value. The low-dose continuous treatment and high-dose short-term pre-, post- and simultaneous treatment of ethanol and aqueous extract of pan masala with and without tobacco yielded dose-dependent elevations in CA frequency, compared to any of these two substances alone. Thus, these results provide evidence that alcohol consumption may potentially increase the risk of oral cancer among pan masala chewers.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center