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Cancer Res. 1994 Oct 15;54(20):5262-4.

Mutational analysis of CDKN2 (MTS1/p16ink4) in human breast carcinomas.

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Molecular Neurogenetics Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02129.


The CDKN2 gene that encodes the cell cycle regulatory protein cyclin-dependent kinase-4 inhibitor (p16) has recently been mapped to chromosome 9p21. Frequent homozygous deletions of this gene have been documented in cell lines derived from different types of tumors, including breast tumors, suggesting that CDKN2 is a tumor suppressor gene involved in a wide variety of human cancers. To determine the frequency of CDKN2 mutations in breast carcinomas, we screened 37 primary tumors and 5 established breast tumor cell lines by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis. In addition, Southern blot analysis was performed on a set of five primary breast carcinoma samples and five breast tumor cell lines. Two of the five tumor cell lines revealed a homozygous deletion of the CDKN2 gene, but no mutations were observed in any of the primary breast carcinomas. These results suggest that the mutation of the CDKN2 gene may not be a critical genetic change in the formation of primary breast carcinoma.

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