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Br J Rheumatol. 1994 Oct;33(10):923-6.

Detection of autoantibodies to the 90 kDa heat shock protein in systemic lupus erythematosus and other autoimmune diseases.

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Medical Molecular Biology Unit, Department of Molecular Pathology, London.


Expression of the highly conserved 90 kDa heat shock protein (Hsp90) is elevated in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of approximately 25% of patients with SLE. Conflicting data have been published about the frequency of antibodies to Hsp90 with the previous methodology using a complex Western blot system. We now describe an ELISA to measure autoantibodies to Hsp90 and Hsp70 in SLE patients, healthy controls and patients with a variety of autoimmune rheumatic diseases. IgG and IgM antibodies were elevated in 26 and 35% of SLE patients, respectively. These results show autoantibodies to Hsp90 (but not Hsp70) are elevated in a significant proportion of patients with SLE (P < 0.025) compared to healthy controls; and that those with raised antibody levels were more likely to have renal disease and a low C3 level (P < 0.02).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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