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Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1994 Oct;148(10):1016-20.

Gowning does not affect colonization or infection rates in a neonatal intensive care unit.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Kapiolani Medical Center for Women and Children, Honolulu.

Erratum in

  • Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1995 Feb;149(2):173.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the effect of gowning in a neonatal intensive care unit on colonization patterns, necrotizing enterocolitis, respiratory syncytial virus and other infections, mortality, and traffic and handwashing patterns.

METHODS:

Alternate 2-month gowning and no-gowning cycles were established in a 24-bed level III neonatal intensive care unit for 8 months, with respiratory site, umbilical, and stool surveillance cultures done weekly on all patients. Traffic flow and handwashing compliance were evaluated by direct observation.

RESULTS:

Demographic data did not differ between periods. There were no significant differences between the gowning and no-gowning periods in the rates of bacterial colonization, any type of infection, or mortality. There was no effect on traffic flow or handwashing compliance.

CONCLUSION:

Gowning in the neonatal intensive care unit is an unnecessary custom without benefit in neonatal colonization, infection rates, mortality, traffic patterns, and handwashing behavior.

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[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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