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Biol Pharm Bull. 1994 May;17(5):572-6.

Characterization of an acidic polysaccharide having immunological activities from the tuber of Alisma orientale.

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Kyoritsu College of Pharmacy, Tokyo, Japan.


An acidic polysaccharide, called alisman PII, was isolated from the tuber of Alisma orientale Juzepcz. It was homogeneous on electrophoresis and gel chromatography, and its molecular mass was estimated to be 5.25 x 10(4). It is composed of L-arabinose:D-galactose:D-glucuronic acid in the molar ratio of 4:9:2, in addition to some of O-acetyl groups. Reduction of carboxyl groups, methylation analysis, nuclear magnetic resonance and controlled Smith degradation indicated that the core structural features include a backbone chain composed of beta-1,3-linked D-galactose units. Some of the galactose units in the backbone carry beta-D-galactosyl side chains at position 6. Both alpha-1,5-linked L-arabinosyl side chains and terminal beta-D-glucuronic acid residues are linked to the core galactan units. Alisman PII showed significant potentiation of the reticuloendothelial system using a carbon clearance test and also potent anti-complementary activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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