Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Carcinog. 1994 Oct;11(2):90-7.

Induction of different genetic changes by different classes of chemical carcinogens during progression of mouse skin tumors.

Author information

Beatson Institute for Cancer Research, Wolfson Laboratory for Molecular Pathology, Glasgow, United Kingdom.


By analysis of skin tumors from F1 hybrid mice we demonstrated that the genetic events that occur during tumor progression depend on the type of chemical carcinogenesis protocol used to induce tumor growth. More than 95% of tumors induced by initiation with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) and promotion with 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) exhibited mutations in Ha-ras and trisomy of chromosome 7. Carcinomas induced with multiple DMBA treatments had a lower frequency of alterations on chromosome 7 (50%), but only in tumors with Ha-ras mutations, and had a much wider spectrum of alterations, including trisomy, mitotic recombination, deletion, and gene duplication. Carcinomas induced with multiple N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine treatments only rarely exhibited alterations on chromosome 7 (8%), even if they contained mutant Ha-ras. More frequent numerical alterations of chromosome 11 were also seen in TPA-promoted tumors (23%) than in tumors induced by multiple carcinogen treatments (8%). These results show that postinitiation events are nonrandom and fit a model in which promoting agents induce numerical chromosomal alterations but in which mutagens cause more directed mutational events.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center