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J Surg Oncol. 1994 Sep;57(1):57-64.

Prognostic factors of colorectal cancer: K-ras mutation, overexpression of the p53 protein, and cell proliferative activity.

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First Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Kanazawa University, Japan.


Between June 1990 and April 1991, 62 colorectal tumors were assessed in a prospective fashion on the basis of various tumor characteristics. Parameters included K-ras mutation, overexpression of the p53 protein, and proliferating cell nuclear cell antigen, as well as standard histopathologic examination. A multivariate analysis showed that K-ras mutation correlated with vascular invasion (P < 0.01) and hematogenous metastasis (P < 0.01). With regard to survival time, multivariate analyses using the Cox proportional hazard model suggested that status of lymph node metastasis (P < 0.01, relative risk [rr] = 7.27), TNM stage (P < 0.05, rr = 5.37), lymphatic invasion (P < 0.05, rr = 4.48), and K-ras mutation (P < 0.06, rr = 3.69) are the most independent prognostic factors. We compared the prognostic value of the molecular assays and standard TNM prognostic factors by multivariate analysis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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