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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1994 Aug 4;1213(3):277-88.

Dietary linoleic acid influences desaturation and acylation of deuterium-labeled linoleic and linolenic acids in young adult males.

Author information

1
National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Peoria, IL 61604.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary linoleic acid (18:2(n - 6)) on the conversion of 18:2(n - 6) and 18:3(n - 3) to their respective n - 6 and n - 3 metabolites; to compare the incorporation of these fatty acids into human plasma lipids; to evaluate the importance of dietary 18:3(n - 3) as a precursor for the biosynthesis of long-chain length n - 3 fatty acids. The approach used was to feed young adult male subjects (n = 7) diets containing 2 levels of linoleic acid (SAT diet, 15 g/day; PUFA diet, 30 g/day) for 12 days. A mixture of triacylglycerols containing deuterated linolenic (18:3(n - 3)) and linoleic (18:2(n - 6)) acids was fed and blood samples were drawn over a 48 h period. Concentrations of deuterated 18:3(n - 3) in plasma total lipid ranged from 309.2 to 606.4 microgram/ml and concentrations of 18:2(n - 6) ranged from 949.2 to 1743.3 micrograms/ml. The sum of the deuterated n - 3 long-chain length fatty acid metabolites in plasma total lipid were 116 +/- 4.3 micrograms/ml (SAT diet) and 41.6 +/- 12.4 micrograms/ml (PUFA diet). The total deuterated n - 6 fatty acid metabolites were 34.6 +/- 12.2 micrograms/ml (SAT diet) and 9.8 +/- 5.9 micrograms/ml (PUFA diet). The total percent conversion of deuterated 18:3(n - 3) to n - 3 fatty acid metabolites and deuterated 18:2(n - 6) to n - 6 fatty acid metabolites were 11-18.5% and 1.0-2.2%, respectively. The percentages for deuterated 20:5(n - 3), 22:5(n - 3) and 22:6(n - 3) (6.0%, 3.5%, and 3.8%) were much higher than for 20:3(n - 6) and 20:4(n - 6) (0.9% and 0.5%). Overall, conversion of deuterated 18:3(n - 3) and 18:2(n - 6) was reduced by 40-54% when dietary intake of 18:2(n - 6) was increased from 15 to 30 g/day. Comparison of the deuterated 18:3(n - 3) and 18:2(n - 6) data for plasma triacylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine (PC) indicated that 18:2(n - 6) was preferentially incorporated into PC. Dietary 18:2(n - 6) intake did not alter acyltransferase selectivity but activity was reduced when 18:2(n - 6) intake was increased. Based on these results, conversion of the 18:3(n - 3) in the US diet (2 g) is estimated to provide 75-85% of the long-chain length n - 3 fatty acids needed to meet daily requirements for some (but not all) adults.

PMID:
7914092
DOI:
10.1016/0005-2760(94)00054-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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