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Am J Physiol. 1994 Jul;267(1 Pt 2):H187-94.

Vascular angiotensin and the sympathetic nervous system: do they interact?

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Department of Medicine, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany.


We tested the hypothesis that local vascular formation of angiotensin (ANG) II and the sympathetic nervous system potentiate each other. Isolated rat hindquarters were perfused with an artificial medium, and ANG I and II release was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography and radioimmunoassay. Electrical stimulation of the lumbar sympathetic chain (0.5, 2, and 8 Hz) did not affect vascular ANG release in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Hypertensive, ren-2 transgenic (TG+) rat hindquarters released significantly more ANG I (110 +/- 19 vs. 65 +/- 21 fmol/30 min in SD rats) and ANG II (235 +/- 22 vs. 140 +/- 30 fmol/30 min); however, nerve stimulation did not alter ANG release in TG+ rats. Captopril inhibited vascular ANG II release by 90%, but neither captopril nor ANG II receptor blockade by losartan affected the pressor response to nerve stimulation in SD and TG+ rats. Isoproterenol failed to increase either vascular ANG release or pressor response to nerve stimulation in SD or spontaneously hypertensive rat hindquarters. Exogenous renin, which increased vascular ANG release approximately 100-fold, prolonged the pressor responses to nerve stimulation. We conclude that the vascular renin-ANG system does not interact with the sympathetic nervous system locally. However, high concentrations of ANG II, which can be induced by circulation-derived renin, may prolong the duration of sympathetic nerve-induced vasoconstriction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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