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Am J Physiol. 1994 Jul;267(1 Pt 2):H187-94.

Vascular angiotensin and the sympathetic nervous system: do they interact?

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1
Department of Medicine, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany.

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis that local vascular formation of angiotensin (ANG) II and the sympathetic nervous system potentiate each other. Isolated rat hindquarters were perfused with an artificial medium, and ANG I and II release was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography and radioimmunoassay. Electrical stimulation of the lumbar sympathetic chain (0.5, 2, and 8 Hz) did not affect vascular ANG release in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Hypertensive, ren-2 transgenic (TG+) rat hindquarters released significantly more ANG I (110 +/- 19 vs. 65 +/- 21 fmol/30 min in SD rats) and ANG II (235 +/- 22 vs. 140 +/- 30 fmol/30 min); however, nerve stimulation did not alter ANG release in TG+ rats. Captopril inhibited vascular ANG II release by 90%, but neither captopril nor ANG II receptor blockade by losartan affected the pressor response to nerve stimulation in SD and TG+ rats. Isoproterenol failed to increase either vascular ANG release or pressor response to nerve stimulation in SD or spontaneously hypertensive rat hindquarters. Exogenous renin, which increased vascular ANG release approximately 100-fold, prolonged the pressor responses to nerve stimulation. We conclude that the vascular renin-ANG system does not interact with the sympathetic nervous system locally. However, high concentrations of ANG II, which can be induced by circulation-derived renin, may prolong the duration of sympathetic nerve-induced vasoconstriction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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