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Brain Res. 1994 Apr 18;643(1-2):136-49.

Non-reciprocal cross-adaptation of spiking responses of individual olfactory receptor neurons of spiny lobsters: evidence for two excitatory transduction pathways.

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1
Department of Biology, Georgia State University, Atlanta 30302-4010.

Abstract

Single-unit spiking responses of 72 olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) in the olfactory organ of the spiny lobster Panulirus argus were recorded extracellularly during presentation of a set of seven odorant stimuli (adenosine-5'-monophosphate, ammonium chloride, betaine, L-cysteine, L-glutamate, D,L-succinate and taurine) and analyzed in order to evaluate the response specificities of single ORNs and the independence of receptor sites. Individual ORNs often had narrow excitatory response spectra, but the most excitatory compound was different from neuron to neuron. These results suggest that these compounds can exert most of their excitatory effects through relatively independent receptor site types. To determine the relative independence of excitatory transduction processes in single ORNs for these stimuli, single-unit spiking responses of these neurons under conditions of self- and cross-adaptation were analyzed. The results demonstrate extensive cross-adaptation between pairs of the seven stimuli. When averaged across all neurons and all cross-adaptation conditions, cross-adaptation resulted in a mean reduction of 81% of the unadapted response. However, there were differences in the degree and pattern of adaptation for different pairs of compounds and for different neuron types (defined by most excitatory or 'best' chemical). For a given neuron type, there were significant levels of non-reciprocal cross-adaptation: neurons cross-adapted more when adapted to their best chemical than when adapted to their non-best chemicals. These results suggest the existence of two excitatory transduction pathways within an olfactory receptor neuron: one pathway activated exclusively by the best chemical and a second pathway activated by a broader spectrum of chemicals.

PMID:
7913395
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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