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Br J Pharmacol. 1994 Mar;111(3):793-6.

Insulin requirement for the antihyperglycaemic effect of metformin.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham.

Abstract

1. Insulin-dependent diabetic BB/S rats with little or no endogenous insulin were used to determine whether insulin is required for the acute antihyperglycaemic effect of metformin (dimethylbiguanide). 2. Metformin (250 mg kg-1, intrajejunally) did not lower the hyperglycaemia in BB/S rats in the absence of exogenous insulin, but metformin increased by 69% (P < 0.05) the blood glucose-lowering effect of exogenous insulin. 3. Metformin (250 mg kg-1, intrajejunally) improved glucose disposal in rats with a normal insulin response to an intravenous glucose challenge. Plasma glucose disappearance was increased from 0.7 +/- 0.1 to 2.5 +/- 0.1% min-1 (P < 0.05). 3. When the insulin response to glucose was suppressed with somatostatin and diazoxide, metformin improved glucose disposal to a similar extent to that in rats with a normal insulin response. Plasma glucose disappearance was increased from 0.24 +/- 0.02 to 1.0 +/- 0.1% min-1 (P < 0.01). 5. The results indicate that insulin is required for the acute antihyperglycaemic effect of metformin, but the extent of this effect is not proportional to the prevailing insulin concentration.

PMID:
7912625
PMCID:
PMC1910090
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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