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Bone Marrow Transplant. 1994 Apr;13(4):377-81.

Reconstitution of lymphocyte subsets after peripheral blood stem cell transplantation: two-color flow cytometric analysis.

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Second Department of Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Japan.


The reconstitution of lymphocyte subsets after high-dose chemotherapy followed by peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) was studied using two-color flow cytometry in 14 patients with acute leukemia (four AML and two ALL) and malignant lymphoma (six NHL and two HD). The CD3+HLA-DR+ lymphocytes (activated T cells) and CD8+ lymphocytes increased markedly by 4 weeks after PBSCT. Most of the increased CD8+ lymphocytes were CD11b-, S6F1+ cells and CD8+CD11b+ cells remained low throughout the follow-up period. The CD4+ lymphocytes remained below the normal range up to 34 weeks after PBSCT. The ratio of CD4+ to CD8+ lymphocytes (CD4/CD8 ratio) transiently increased and then decreased below 1.0 at 2 weeks after PBSCT. The CD19+ lymphocytes and the CD3-CD16+CD56+ lymphocytes returned to normal levels in the early period. The CD4+CD45RA+ lymphocytes (suppressor-inducer) decreased to below the normal range, while the CD4+CD45RO+ lymphocytes (helper-inducer) increased more rapidly than the CD4+CD45RA+ lymphocytes. This study shows that an immunosuppressed state exists after PBSCT as is seen after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) and that B cell reconstitution is more rapid in PBSCT than in BMT.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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