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Appl Environ Microbiol. 1994 May;60(5):1437-43.

PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism of a pel gene as a tool to identify Erwinia carotovora in relation to potato diseases.

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Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique INA P-G, Paris, France.


Using a sequenced pectate lyase-encoding gene (pel gene), we developed a PCR test for Erwinia carotovora. A set of primers allowed the amplification of a 434-bp fragment in E. carotovora strains. Among the 89 E. carotovora strains tested, only the Erwinia carotovora subsp. betavasculorum strains were not detected. A restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) study was undertaken on the amplified fragment with seven endonucleases. The Sau3AI digestion pattern specifically identified the Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica strains, and the whole set of data identified the Erwinia carotovora subsp. wasabiae strains. However, Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora and Erwinia carotovora subsp. odorifera could not be separated. Phenetic and phylogenic analyses of RFLP results showed E. carotovora subsp. atroseptica as a homogeneous group while E. carotovora subsp. carotovora and E. carotovora subsp. odorifera strains exhibited a genetic diversity that may result from a nonmonophyletic origin. The use of RFLP on amplified fragments in epidemiology and for diagnosis is discussed.

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