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Brain Res. 1994 Feb 21;637(1-2):197-203.

Regulation of interleukin-6 (IL-6) secretion in primary cultured rat astrocytes: synergism of interleukin-1 (IL-1) and pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP).

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University of South Florida College of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Tampa 33612-4799.


Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine that is produced by astrocytes and microglia and may act as a trophic factor in the nervous system. These experiments were intended to identify neuroactive agents that regulate IL-6 production in primary cultured rat astrocytes. Addition of either lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or human recombinant interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) to rat astrocytes in culture stimulated IL-6 secretion. However, LPS was significantly more efficacious in eliciting IL-6 production compared to IL-1 beta. Co-addition of the specific IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) completely inhibited IL-1 beta-induced IL-6 secretion but did not affect LPS-stimulated IL-6 production during a 6 h incubation period. Two neuroactive peptides, pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP38) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), stimulated IL-6 production either alone or in combination with IL-1 beta. PACAP38 was significantly more potent in stimulating IL-6 compared to VIP. Results from these experiments indicate that LPS is an effective inducer of IL-6 production in rat astrocytes. This effect of LPS is independent of astrocyte IL-1 production since the IL-1ra was unable to inhibit LPS-stimulated IL-6 secretion. Also, the neuropeptides PACAP38 and VIP are potential secretagogues for IL-6 secretion, and both peptides synergize with IL-1 to stimulate IL-6 secretion in rat astrocytes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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