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J Invest Dermatol. 1994 Apr;102(4):428-32.

Evidence that DNA damage is a mediate in ultraviolet B radiation-induced inhibition of human gene expression: ultraviolet B radiation effects on intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression.

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1
Department of Dermatology, University of Freiburg, Germany.

Abstract

Expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is a prerequisite for the capacity of cells to physically interact with leukocytes. Ultraviolet B radiation previously was found to inhibit interferon gamma-induced ICAM-1 expression in human keratinocytes by suppressing interferon gamma-mediated upregulation of ICAM-1 mRNA levels. Because ultraviolet B radiation induces photoproducts in cellular DNA, the potential role of ultraviolet B radiation-induced DNA damage in this system was assessed. For this purpose, cells from a normal donor were compared with cells from patients with xeroderma pigmentosum from complementation groups C and D. Xeroderma pigmentosum cells are defective in the removal of ultraviolet B radiation-induced DNA lesions, and thus lower ultraviolet B radiation doses are required to retain equivalent numbers of DNA photoproducts at a given time point after irradiation. In the present study, ultraviolet B radiation inhibited interferon gamma-induced ICAM-1 mRNA expression in primary human skin fibroblasts in a manner identical to that previously observed for keratinocytes. Comparative studies employing normal versus xeroderma pigmentosum fibroblasts revealed that in xeroderma pigmentosum fibroblasts, two- to threefold lower ultraviolet B radiation doses were required to achieve inhibition equivalent to that observed in normal fibroblasts. In irradiated normal cells, inhibition of interferon gamma-induced ICAM-1 mRNA expression was transient and restored 12 h after ultraviolet B radiation exposure. In contrast, in xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group D cells, no restoration could be observed for up to 48 h, but responsiveness was restored in xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group C cells after 24 h. These studies indicate that ultraviolet B radiation-induced inhibition of interferon gamma-mediated ICAM-1 expression involves the generation of DNA photo-products.

PMID:
7908681
DOI:
10.1111/1523-1747.ep12372947
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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