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Dev Biol. 1994 Feb;161(2):504-12.

Regeneration of HoxD expression domains during pattern regulation in chick wing buds.

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  • 1Developmental Biology Center, University of California, Irvine 92717.


The expression domains of genes located at the 5' end of the HoxD (formerly Hox-4) complex appear to correlate with pattern along both the proximal-distal (PrDi) and the anterior-posterior (AP) axes of the developing limb bud, and it has been suggested that the HoxD gene products are involved in the specification of positional information during limb development. The apical ectodermal ridge is required for limb outgrowth and is thought to influence mesodermal cells at the distal end of the limb bud in a region within which patterning events occur. In this paper, we examine the expression of 5' HoxD genes during PrDi pattern regulation in chick wing buds. In limbs undergoing pattern regulation, we demonstrate that the domains of HoxD11 and HoxD13 gene expression are "regenerated" within 24 hr of removal of the distal mesenchyme. In contrast, in limbs which will not form distal structures, HoxD13 expression becomes reduced.

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