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Cancer Lett. 1993 Dec 20;75(3):195-206.

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of HER-2/neu gene product (p185) in breast cancer: its correlation with sex steroid receptors, cathepsin D and histologic grades.

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Dipartimento di Biologia, Università di Lecce, Italy.


One hundred and nine primary breast cancers were analyzed to assess the presence of the HER-2/neu gene product (p185), the oestrogen (ER) and the progesterone (PR) receptors, and the total cathepsin D status. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA kit, Oncogene Science Inc.) was used for the evaluation of p185 in pellets obtained after a 100,000 x g centrifugation, ER and PR were measured by enzyme immunoassay (EIA kit, Abbott Laboratories), and the total cathepsin D content was evaluated by immunoradiometric assay (IRMA kit, CIS Biointernational). We showed that the ELISA kit is feasible to quantify the p185 present in breast cancer cell membranes, and that the detector antibody recognises a protein of apprroximatly M(r) 185,000. The detected antigen was inversely related to both ER and PR, but it did not correlate to total cathepsin D. No significant differences were found in the expression of p185, ER, PR, cathepsin D between infiltrating ductal carcinomas without special features (NOS) and non-ductal (non-NOS) carcinomas. Nevertheless, in NOS carcinomas, a trend was observed in the p185 levels expressed by the tumours with different histological grades, in that p185 concentration was higher in the poorly differentiated grade 3 with respect to grade 2 and grade 1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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