Send to

Choose Destination
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Jan 18;91(2):812-6.

Antibody to intercellular adhesion molecule 1 protects the kidney against ischemic injury.

Author information

Medical Service, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.


The pathophysiology of ischemic acute renal failure is complex, and the role of leukocyte adhesion in this process is not well defined. A monoclonal antibody (mAb) against intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (anti-ICAM-1), administered at the time of bilateral renal ischemia in the rat, prevented both functional impairment and histologic changes of acute renal failure. Plasma creatinine measured (mg/dl) 24 hr after 30 min of ischemia was 0.61 +/- 0.05 in the anti-ICAM-1-treated animals compared with 2.4 +/- 0.14 (P < 0.0001) in the vehicle-treated ischemic group. Forty-eight hours after ischemia, creatinine values were 0.46 +/- 0.05 and 2.03 +/- 0.22 (P < 0.0001) in anti-ICAM-1 and vehicle-treated groups, respectively. A low dose of anti-ICAM-1 that was itself nonprotective, when given with partially protective doses of a mAb against lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (anti-LFA-1), acted synergistically to prevent renal failure. Anti-ICAM-1 mAb also protected the kidney when administered 0.5 or 2 hr but not 8 hr after restoration of blood flow and when the ischemic period was extended to 40 min. Ischemia-induced increases in tissue myeloperoxidase, a marker of neutrophil infiltration, were mitigated with anti-ICAM-1 treatment. Thus, anti-ICAM-1 mAb protected the kidney against ischemic renal failure, even when the antibody was administered after the ischemic period. These results suggest a critical role for leukocytes and adhesion molecules in the pathophysiology of ischemic injury and may have important therapeutic implications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center