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Clin Exp Immunol. 1994 Jan;95(1):156-61.

Soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in sera and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and pulmonary sarcoidosis.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

ICAM-1 plays an important role in inflammatory diseases. To assess level of soluble ICAM-1 in the circulation and inflamed lesions, we measured levels of soluble ICAM-1 in the circulation and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and with pulmonary sarcoidosis (PS) and of healthy volunteers (HV), and we also analysed ICAM-1 expression of BALF cells in some patients and HV. IPF patients had significantly higher levels of circulating ICAM-1 than HV, while PS patients did not. By contrast, significantly increased levels of BALF soluble ICAM-1 were found in PS patients compared with those of HV, but not in IPF patients. There were no significant differences in the proportions of ICAM-1+ BALF lymphocytes in IPF patients, PS patients and HV, whereas significantly increased proportions of ICAM-1+ pulmonary alveolar macrophages were found in PS patients compared with those of HV, but not in IPF patients. There was a significant positive correlation of BALF soluble ICAM-1 levels to BALF lymphocyte proportions in PS patients. Although the source of BALF soluble ICAM-1 is unclear, BALF soluble ICAM-1 appears to reflect the grade of local activity of sarcoidosis. An interesting discrepancy between soluble ICAM-1 levels in the circulation and BALF was found in IPF patients, and this might be an important clue to an understanding of this disorder.

PMID:
7904545
PMCID:
PMC1534644
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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