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Tissue Antigens. 1993 Aug;42(2):72-7.

Analysis of HLA-DQA1 and -DQB1 genes in Mexican Americans with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

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Karolinska Institute, Dept. of Endocrinology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


Mexican American patients (n = 35) with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and control subjects (n = 39) were HLA-DQA and DQB typed by the polymerase chain reaction technique combined with allele-specific oligonucleotide probes. Either DQB1*0302 or DQB1*0201 was present among 91% (32/35) of the patients compared to 67% (26/39) of controls. Either DQA1*0501 or DQA1*0301 was present in all patients (100% or 35/35) compared to 29/39 (74%) (OR 12.06 Pc < 0.05) of controls. All four of these genes, in cis or trans, were present in 15/35 (43%) of the patients compared to 3/39 (8%) of controls (OR 9.0; Pc < 0.01). The presence of one or more non-susceptibility alleles showed a dose-related decrease in relative risk. Presence of aspartic acid (Asp) at position 57 of the DQ beta chain did not confer protection and non-Asp homozygosity did not confer susceptibility to IDDM in this ethnic group. In conclusion, susceptibility to IDDM in Mexican Americans is associated with particular DQA and DQB combinations, illustrates dose-dependent parameters and contradicts the critical residue hypothesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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