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Acta Trop. 1993 Aug;54(2):141-51.

The effects of house spraying with DDT or lambda-cyhalothrin against Anopheles arabiensis on measures of malarial morbidity in children in Tanzania.

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1
National Institute for Medical Research, Ubwari Field Station, Muheza, Tanga, Tanzania.

Abstract

The effects of house spraying of DDT and lambda-cyhalothrin against populations of Anopheles arabiensis were assessed in children aged between 1 and 10 years with regard to fever episodes and parasite prevalences. DDT and lambda-cyhalothrin treatment did not reduce the prevalence of malaria episodes as defined by fever (temperatures > or = 37.4 degrees C and/or fever reported) combined with high parasitaemia (> or = 100 parasites/200 leucocytes). However, the prevalence of malaria parasitaemia, of the episodes of fever with any level of malaria parasitaemia and of high parasitaemia alone were significantly reduced. Furthermore, the reduction in mean parasite densities was greater in children of the 1-2 years age group for both insecticides and also for children of 3-5 years age group with lambda-cyhalothrin. Measured and/or reported fever and high parasitaemia were correlated and the data indicated that most of the fevers in these children could be attributed to malaria. Using this criterion it is concluded that the population of An. arabiensis responded to both DDT and lambda-cyhalothrin house spraying which in turn also reduced malaria-related morbidity.

PMID:
7902649
DOI:
10.1016/0001-706x(93)90060-o
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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