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Brain Res. 1993 Sep 17;622(1-2):1-8.

Beta-endorphin and dynorphin abnormalities in rats subjected to exercise and restricted feeding: relationship to anorexia nervosa?

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1
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk 23501.

Abstract

Exercise and the endogenous opioids have been linked to anorexia nervosa. This investigation determined the effects of the weight-loss syndrome induced by voluntary exercise (22.5 h/day) in food-restricted rats (1.5 h/day food access) on the endogenous opioids. The animals were tested under resting-fed and 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2DG) stimulated conditions. Weight-matched, freely fed exercised and ad libitum fed unexercised groups served as controls. Specific opioid abnormalities were found in the syndrome. These included a basal elevation in plasma beta-endorphin, which was abnormally suppressed by 2DG, and 2DG-induced elevations in arcuate hypothalamic beta-endorphin content and supraoptic hypothalamic dynorphin-A content. None of these changes occurred in controls. Finally, it was found that short-term moderate exercise itself chronically reduced adenohypophysial beta-endorphin content and elevated supraoptic dynorphin-A content. The relationship of the syndrome's hyperendorphinism to the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis and the auto-addiction hypothesis of anorexia nervosa was considered, as was the significance of the supraoptic dynorphin-A abnormality to the hypothalamo-neurohypophysial system. The differential sensitivity of the supraoptic dynorphin-A system compared to the arcuate hypothalamic beta-endorphin system to moderate exercise was also discussed.

PMID:
7902187
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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