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Am J Cardiol. 1995 Apr 1;75(10):693-7.

Intravenous flecainide versus amiodarone for recent-onset atrial fibrillation.

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1
Intensive Care Unit, Royal Perth Hospital, Western Australia.

Abstract

In a randomized, double-blind, controlled study of 98 patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) (present for > or = 30 minutes, < or = 72 hours, and a ventricular response of > or = 100 beats/min), intravenous flecainide (2 mg/kg, maximum 150 mg) was compared with intravenous amiodarone (7 mg/kg) and placebo. Exclusion criteria included significant left ventricular dysfunction, inotrope dependence, recent antiarrhythmic therapy, hypokalemia, and pacemaker dependence. Reversion to stable sinus rhythm within 2 hours of starting medication was considered likely to be due to drug effect. Twenty of 34 patients (59%) given flecainide, 11 of 32 (34%) given amiodarone, and 7 of 32 (22%) given placebo reverted to stable sinus rhythm in < or = 2 hours after starting medication (chi-square 9.87, p = 0.007). More patients reverted to stable rhythm with flecainide than with placebo (p = 0.005; odds ratio 5.1, 95% confidence interval 1.54 to 17.5). There was no significant difference between amiodarone and placebo or between flecainide and amiodarone. However, after 8 hours there were no significant differences in reversion between the treatment groups: flecainide (n = 23, 68%), amiodarone (n = 19, 59%), and placebo (n = 18, 56%). Amiodarone promptly reduced the ventricular rate, and this effect was maintained for 8 hours in those whose reversion to stable sinus rhythm was unsuccessful: flecainide was no more effective than placebo in controlling ventricular rate. Adverse effects were not significantly different in the 3 groups. Thus, intravenous flecainide results in earlier reversion of AF than does intravenous amiodarone or placebo. Amiodarone, although less effective in reverting AF, slows the rapid ventricular response.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
7900662
DOI:
10.1016/s0002-9149(99)80655-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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