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Mol Cell Biochem. 1994 Sep;138(1-2):141-8.

ADP-ribosylation of the molecular chaperone GRP78/BiP.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Medical University of South Carolina 29425.


Starvation of mouse hepatoma cells for essential amino acids or glucose results in the ADP-ribosylation of the molecular chaperone BiP/GRP78. Addition of the missing nutrient to the medium reverses the reaction. The signal mediating the response to environmental nutrients involves the translational efficiency. An inhibitor of proteins synthesis, cycloheximide, or reduced temperature, both of which reduce translational efficiency, stimulate the ADP-ribosylation of BiP/GRP78. Inhibition of N-linked glycosylation of proteins results in the overproduction of BiP/GRP78. The over produced protein is not ADP-ribosylated suggesting that this is the functional form of BiP/GRP78. The over produced BiP/GRP78 can, however, be ADP-ribosylated if the cells are starved for an essential amino acid. BiP/GRP78 resides in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum where it participates in the assembly of secretory and integral membrane proteins. ADP-ribosylation of BiP/GRP78 during starvation is probably part of a nutritional stress response which conserves limited nutrients by slowing flow through the secretory pathway.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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